The hottest waste paper market is mainly in China

2022-08-04
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The waste paper market is mainly in China. People in Lawrence, a small town in the middle of the United States, seldom know it. They put waste paper and cardboard into recycling boxes by categories, and most of them finally went across the sea to China

the waste paper market is mainly in China

Lawrence can be called a specimen of resource recycling in the United States. In this small town with more than 70000 people, there are huge scrap recycling iron boxes in front of many supermarkets and stores. When people drive to shop, they often put the recyclable waste paper, plastic bottles, cans and other recyclable waste that they have accumulated at home for a period of time into these iron boxes

the concept of selling waste products for money does not exist for the citizens of Lawrence, because the waste recycling company only recovers bulk metal wastes, and mainly aims at enterprise customers. For residents who are too lazy to put in their own waste, the waste recycling company will install a recycling bucket at their doorstep and collect it once a week, but at least $4.95 a month will be charged

the fact that money cannot be exchanged does not prevent the Lawrence people from keeping every recyclable waste product to the recycling company. Under the guidance of environmental protection organizations, they even cleaned the waste containers such as milk cartons before sending them for recycling, so as to avoid the deterioration of the residual liquid inside and the breeding of bacteria

some of Lawrence's waste recycling boxes can put waste paper, No. 1~7 plastic products, aluminum products, iron cans and cardboard; Some specially recycle old newspapers and magazines; In some cases, only cartons are allowed to be put in, and the feeding port is designed to be flat, requiring people to open and flatten the cartons before putting them in

paper is one of the most recyclable wastes. Where did the waste paper and cardboard accumulated by Lawrence eventually go? At this year's Earth Day event, "the first wealth is more stable in performance compared with the previous universal experimental machine" once raised this question to several employees of the Municipal Public Works Department who are introducing waste recycling and recycling affairs. However, they said that there are more than a dozen enterprises specializing in waste recycling in this city. When they sell the waste they receive, they usually get it from the higher price, or after they sell it to a fixed intermediary, they do not know where it eventually flows

however, the newspaper later learned that a considerable part of Lawrence's waste paper came to China

deffenbaugh recycling company, headquartered in Kansas City, Kansas, is one of the enterprises that place waste recycling bins in Lawrence. The company, established in 1989, is also one of the largest waste recycling enterprises in the Midwest of the United States. It has five plants in Arkansas, Kansas, Missouri and Nebraska to dispose of recyclable waste

Christoph Rosenthal, a German student at the University of Kansas, once investigated the company. In a short film he provided to this newspaper, thomaskaufman, senior vice president of deffenbaugh Industries Inc., the parent company of deffenbaugh recycling company, said: now, most of the recyclable wastes we collect are transported to China from Long Beach port in California. Domestic factories in the United States have insufficient equipment to handle all these wastes, so their markets are mainly in China and Mexico. Everyone in this industry knows this

according to the data on the recycle bin of the company, the company has the largest waste treatment plant in the United States in Kansas City, handling an average of 10000 tons of waste per month. After the waste products are transported to the factory from various places, the workers sort and pack them manually and mechanically. Most of them are transported to the ports along the Pacific or Atlantic coast, delivered to the middlemen engaged in waste trade, and then transported to China and other markets by sea ships

11.776 million tons of American waste paper

China at the end of the Pacific Ocean is now the world's largest waste paper importer. According to the data of the General Administration of customs, China imported 27.28 million tons of waste paper in 2011, a year-on-year increase of 12%, worth US $6.97 billion. In 1996, China imported only 3.4 million tons of waste paper

waste paper imported by China mainly comes from the United States, European Union countries and Japan. Among them, the United States has been China's largest source of waste paper imports for many years. Last year, the United States exported 11.776 million tons of waste paper to China, an increase of 16.5%, accounting for 43.2% of China's total waste paper imports

there is no reason why Chinese paper makers like American waste paper. Among China's waste paper importers, the most famous and the largest importer is Nine Dragons Paper (), whose founder and Chairman Zhang Yin founded Zhongnan company in the United States in the 1990s, specializing in purchasing waste paper for export to China, and later developed into the largest waste paper exporter in the United States. Zhang Yin once compared the waste paper of Japan and the United States. She found that most of the waste paper in Japan is recycled paper made by repeated recycling, and the fiber content is not high. However, the paper in the United States is mostly made of logs, and its recycling times are less. Therefore, the wood fiber content of the waste paper is very high, which is the best raw material for high-quality recycled paper

in the aspect of papermaking, Zhang Yin has created a mode of "left pocket out, right pocket in", which has not only obtained a stable source of raw materials for her papermaking enterprises, but also saved considerable raw material procurement costs. According to the semi annual report for the first half of fiscal year 2011-2012 (i.e. the second half of 2011) released by Nine Dragons Paper in March this year, Nine Dragons Paper purchased 5.62 billion yuan of waste paper from Zhongnan company indirectly wholly owned by Zhang Yin, compared with 8.29 billion yuan in fiscal year 2010-2011 and 6.69 billion yuan in fiscal year 2009-2010

thin tooth

although Nine Dragons Paper did not disclose the quantity of waste paper it imported in its semi annual report, if calculated according to the average price of China's imported waste paper of 255.4 US dollars/ton in 2011, the company imported 3.49 million tons of waste paper in the second half of last year

this semi annual report also lists the main products of Nine Dragons Paper. Among them, kraft linerboard, environment-friendly Kraft linerboard and recycled fiber office paper are very busy one-year products, mainly produced from waste paper

reduce the use of wood

according to a number of professional research reports, the environmental cost (mainly the cost of wastewater treatment) of making recycled paper products from waste paper is not higher than that of making paper from logs. Therefore, Chinese enterprises import waste paper from a cost perspective, but objectively, the recycling of waste paper also reduces deforestation

in 2007, forest trends, a non-governmental organization headquartered in Washington, D.C., published a report entitled "environmental factors of China's waste paper import", which said that about 60% of China's pulp used to manufacture paper and paperboard products came from waste paper. In 2006 alone, China used waste paper instead of trees to make paper products, which could save about 59.5 million tons of wood from being cut down

Brian Stanford, the author of the above report, said that the paper mill facilities in the United States, Japan and the European Union are not enough to handle all the waste paper produced in these regions. Therefore, China imports waste paper from these regions and also helps these regions solve the waste disposal problem

Greenpeace, which has repeatedly issued reports on China's environmental problems, operates reliably and stably, and also appreciates China on the waste paper issue. Tamara stark, coordinator of Greenpeace China forest project, is also a member of the board of directors of forest trends. He said: in terms of recycling (waste paper) and producing new recyclable products, Chinese enterprises have shown an entrepreneurial spirit, which is very positive

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